A sea lions sleek body is perfect for diving deep in the ocean (up to 600 feet, or 180 meters) in search of tasty fish and squid. According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of Galápagos sea … Species of sea lions and fur seals can be found on the Bering strait, Australia and New Zealand, South America and California. Steller Sea Lion Stellers are the largest of all sea lions and they have an appetite to match. Some sea lion colonies are permanent residence throughout their range, while other species are partially migratory. Females only a third the size of males: The California Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus) is a coastal sea lion of the northern Pacific Ocean. The sea lion, an otariid, is plentiful in the Falkland Islands but probably never ventures into the cold Antarctic waters. Many females live on barrier islands year round, raising their pups in large daycare groups with multiple mothers keeping an eye out for danger. Grunts, groans and snores abound in a colony of sea lions. The sea lion's ancient ancestors, like those of whales and dolphins, lived on land. They will notoriously pack together on beaches, rocks, boardwalks and boats, smushed against one another in huge, languorous piles. The Australian sea lion (Neophoca cinerea) is found along the southern coast of Western Australia into South Australia. it is not incorrect to call a sea lion a seal, just less precise . The California sea lion, notorious for staking its claim along the entire West coast of North America from Alaska to Mexico, is probably the most well-known of the sea lion species, and is the most likely to appear performing in circuses and water parks. A fast swimmer and excellent diver, it forages underwater for an average of three minutes at a time, but dives can last up to nine minutes. Although not the largest sea lion (that’s the Steller sea lion), the California sea lion still reaches lengths of 8ft (2.4m) and males typically weigh around 390 kg (850 lb.). The California sea lion may or may not migrate. There are 18 species of true seals, according to Seals World. The modern animal is well adapted to an aquatic environment, with its streamlined body and powerful flippers. 84 88 7. Can you tell a seal from a sea lion? Sea lion in Galapagos National Park, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. The northern, or Steller, sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) is a pale- to golden-brown sea lion of the Bering Sea and both sides of the North Pacific Ocean. Both sexes of the Australian Sea Lion have stocky bodies, a large head and short narrow flippers. she will be able to find her own pup, in a sea of sea lions. Although sea lions do not make a wide range of sounds, they are very noisy, and easily one of the most vocal mammals on Earth. (907.18 kg). sea lions can lift their bodies up off the sand and walk on all fours, The typical performing seal is most likely a California sea lion. True seals also swim differently from eared seals. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. A group of sea lions is called a colony on land, and a raft when in the water. In captivity it can live more than 30 years (less in the wild). The sea lions ancient ancestors were land animals somewhat similar to bears. Population number. Steller sea lion or northern sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) Australian sea lion (Neophoca cinerea) South American sea lion or southern sea ion (Otaria flavescens) New Zealand sea lion (Phocarctos hookeri) California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) References This … The fur seal and the elephant seal are now regenerating after near extinction. In the water, sea lions shine with balletic grace, spending the majority of  their time hunting in reefs and ocean waters where they can dive as deep as 900 feet and remain submerged for over half an hour. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Larger than × px Color . It is the largest member of the eared seals. Actual fighting occurs as well, and injuries can be serious or fatal, but most disagreements are settled by ritualized, sumo-style shoving matches, and games of chicken involving extraordinarily loud full-speed charges at each other. Much of a males dominance is related to size, with smaller animals almost always giving way to larger ones. Great apes facts, photos and videos..Human beings did not evolve from chimpanzees, modern chimps and gorillas do not appear in the fossil records until much more recently than homo sapiens.. e-mail us at info@animalfactsencyclopedia.com, Copyright 2011 - 2019 by Jenise Alongi   Animal Facts Encyclopedia.com. All other times a warm body and a friendly "ark, ark, ark" means this is home. Their rear legs are two separate, front-facing flippers that can be rotated under the body and they can rise up and move around with a two beat gate. Leave a comment in the box below. They also forage through reefs using their long, stiff whiskers, known as vibrissae, to flush out assorted invertebrates, crabs, and their favorite food, squid. Sea lions have long and smooth whiskers or vibrissae. The cardiopulmonary system includes the heart and blood vessels, the lymphatic system, nose, nasopharynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs.  These interdependent systems are responsible for picking up and carrying oxygen to the cells of the body and … Typemammaldietcarnivoreaverage life span in the wild12 to 15 yearssize10 to 115 ft 3 to 35 mweightup to 840 lbs 380 kg … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Sea lion, any of six species of eared seals found primarily in Pacific waters. They move like the true seals in the water, but like the eared seals on land, and so are somewhere in between these two groups, and are classified in a genus of their own. Folks who had docked their boats in the area for decades simple moved out, and the wildlife took over. African Animals - Animal Facts Encyclopedia, Great Apes Facts - Animal Facts Encyclopedia, Sea lions are known as eared or walking seals, A male sea lion is called a bull, a female is called a cow, and a baby is called a pup. Their weight is slightly less than that of Australian sea lions. The fertilized embryo develops in the womb for only a few weeks and then becomes dormant. Males are 3 to 4 times as heavy and up to 1.2 times as long as the females. Sea lions appear to have an innate need to be in close contact with each other, and to literally be surrounded by their peers. It swims in coastal waters from northern Peru southward to Tierra del Fuego and even around the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic. Adult males are 2.0–2.5 metres in length and weigh 300 kg, whereas females measure 1.5 metres long and weigh less than 100 kg. These giant pinnipeds hunt fish, squid, octopus and, rarely, smaller seals. In preparation for the breeding season, their weight often increases up to 1,000 pounds (454 kilograms). Weight-wise, they tip the scales between 50 and 250 kilograms (110 and 550 pounds). When all of the beach is claimed, younger, weaker or smaller males unable to gain a territory, form bachelor groups on the outskirts of the beach, and may continue to be chased about from one mating ground to another by the established males. In the case of sea lions, the males can be almost four times larger than females when adults. Omissions? The largest species of sea lions is … The entire pregnancy lasts between 8 and 12 months depending on species. Updates? Sea lions are very vocal, sometimes even considered as noisy. Finally, seals are less social than their sea-lion cousins. Like many marine mammals, sea lions are remarkably intelligent with excellent senses of sight, hearing and smell. Walruses have skeletons designed more like the eared seals, but have no ears. The female sea lion usually arrives already pregnant from the season prior, and the single pup that she delivers is probably not the offspring of the male whose territory she resides in this season, unless she happened to have hooked up with the same male the prior year. The New Zealand, or Hooker’s, sea lion (Phocarctos hookeri) inhabits only New Zealand. Apart from size… Sea Lions are pinnipeds that have external ear flaps and long fore flippers. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. (50 t… The breeding ground is known as a "rookery" and is usually on a quiet island with sandy beaches. Males will develop a territory of only a few dozen feet in any direction and when another male attempts to enter, lots of bluffing, barking, roaring, hissing and growling occurs. Males of this species can reach 9 feet in length, weigh over 800 pounds and have huge, broad heads and necks that can be thicker than their torsos in circumference. All sea lions have a unique appearance. Males are massive, weighing up to 8,500 lbs. Male California sea lions do have a full, round neck and develop a bony sagittal crest atop the skull cap as they mature that makes for a cool silhouette, but without the mane it doesn't really read "lion", and females of all the species never develop the truly lion-like physical features that ultimately must have inspired the name. 566 Free images of Sea Lion. Except for the California sea lion (Zalophus californianus), males have lion-like manes and constantly roar to defend their harems (hence their name). Groans and squeals may occur with the mouth closed, often accompanied by billowing cheeks, but classic barks and roars are delivered with jaws agape, and the noise is nearly constant. Males can weigh up to 390kg (850lbs) and have a distinctive raised bony bump on their head known as a sagittal crest. 17 Types of Sea Lions - Characteristics - DeepOceanFacts.com Sea Lion Encounter. Sea lions display extreme sexual dimorphism, (marked differences in appearance or size between males and females of the same species), with adult males being at least two times, and as much as four times larger than adult females. They are about 6 feet (1.8 meters) long and weigh an average of 220 pounds (100 kilograms). The smallest is the ringed seal, with an average length of 5 feet (1.5 m) and a weight of 110 to 150 lbs. These sea lions showed little concern for humans desires to utilize the docks, would show aggression when people attempted to move them, and transformed a peaceful dock into a noisy, odorous free for all. Size . In captivity, and when interacting with humans, they are extremely quick to learn, and have been exhibited in shows and circuses for centuries. Also, the fur of eared seals is more apparent, especially in sea lions.…. Female California sea lions reach about 1.5 to 2 m (5–6.5 ft.) and 50 to 110 kg (110–240 lbs. The California sea lion, notorious for staking its claim along the entire West coast of North America from Alaska to Mexico, is probably the most well-known of the sea lion species, and is the most likely to appear performing in circuses and water parks. The Australian Sea Lion is a sexually dimorphic (two body forms) species, with the adult males up to twice the weight and length of the female. At maturity male California sea lions are much larger than females. Galapagos Sea Lion – very large, with the males being about 1,000 pounds when they are full grown. Sea Lion Size: Male sea lions are really huge and weight between 1,500 lbs to 1 ton with almost 11 feet long in length whereas female sea lions are smaller with a weight around 700 lbs and 9 feet long in length. Landscape Sunset. The largest is the southern elephant seal. This helps them escape from their enemies, kill… The sea lion is known as the "angel of the sea" because  their front flippers look like angels  wings while they are swimming and sometimes when they are sleeping. There are 7 species of sea lions, and 9 species of fur seals that make up the "eared seals". Polar Animals Antarctic. Leopard seal vs sea lion size. Animal Aquatic Brown. The five genera of sea lions, together with fur seals (genus Arctocephalus) and northern fur seals (Callorhinus), constitute the family Otariidae (eared seals). They are solitary hunters and rarely if ever take large game such as penguins or seals, concentrating mostly on small squid and school fish such as  herring and anchovy, which they can swallow whole, without any chewing at all. All seals and sea lions, along with the walrus, are grouped together as pinnipeds. Now an amazing tourist attraction, the sea lions lounge while onlookers take pictures. 30. Lion Fish Aquarium. Although most of the Galapagos sea lion population is concentrated in the waters surrounding the Galapagos archipelago, some individuals have established a semipermanent colony at Isla de la Plata near the coast of Ecuador. The California sea lion is mostly a coastal animal that frequently leaps from the water when swimming. On land they are relatively cumbersome, but, unlike the "true seals", the sea lions can lift their bodies up off the sand and walk on all fours, and even run if necessary. The walrus, the "true seals" and the "eared seals" or "walking seals". Some sea lions can stay underwater for over half an hour without taking a breath. The sea lions have external ear flaps (pinnae). (3,855.5 kilograms). Sea lions are characterized by a coat of short coarse hair that lacks a distinct undercoat. What do you think of these fabulous animals? Crawl Seal North Sea. Sea lions are great swimmers, too, reaching speeds of 18 miles per hour (29 kilometers per hour) for short bursts. The California sea lion, found along the western coast of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Costa Rica, is the trained seal commonly seen in animal acts and zoos. Sea lions feed principally on fish, crustaceans, and cephalopods (squid and octopus), but they also will consume penguins. The sea lions entire body is structured for life in the water, with a smooth, torpedo shaped torso and flattened, powerful flippers, like four large swim fins instead of feet. the eared seals can actually move, even run, quite rapidly when necessary. Sea lions are a very sexually dimorphic species, meaning that there are substantial differences in size and appearance between the females and males of the species. 13 8 6. The rear limbs of true seals are fused together and are permanently facing rearward, making walking impossible. The species is named for the naturalist Georg Wilhelm Steller, who first described them in 1741. The Steller sea lion has attracted considerable attention in recent decades When she finally goes back to the sea to hunt and feed, she leaves the pup in a little playgroup of several other pups who will play and sleep together while they wait for their mothers to return. There are many components that make up sea lion physiology and these processes control aspects of their behavior. California sea lions commonly gather on man-made structures. The "true seals", such as elephant seals and harp seals, do not have external ear structures and are not capable of walking, but rather must roll or wriggle from place to place when on land. Sea lions stalk schools of fish which they rush through with jaws agape spearing their quarry with impressively sharp teeth. Males with prime, beach-front properties attract the most mates. Females will give birth within a few days of arriving at the rookery, and will be ready to mate 10 to 14 days later. In fact, the swim-fins scuba divers and backyard snorkelers use were modeled after a sea lions unique, compressed and web-toed hind feet. The California sea lion shares the genus Zalophus with the Galapagos sea lion (Z. wollebaeki). For reasons unknown these creatures returned to the ocean about 20 million years ago, where they have since become the most successful and widely distributed family of carnivores in the world. CPR confirms Sea Lion size Discoveries of more than 500mmboe are rare in recent times and it is a credit to Rockhopper that it holds a very material interest in the development, with a significant carry and financing arrangement confirmed. Meet them up close, in our interaction pool, where guests are provided with an opportunity to touch, feed, pet and play with these wonderful animals. Northern sea lions eat fish, octopus, and squid, as well as bivalves, other mollusks, and crustaceans. Description & Behavior. Legend has it that California sea lions began to appear in extremely large numbers after an earthquake struck California in 1989. Unlike the true, or earless, seals (family Phocidae), sea lions and other eared seals (family Otariidae) are able to rotate their hind flippers forward to use all four limbs when moving about on land. They spend more time in the water than sea lions do and often lead solitary lives in the wild, coming ashore together only once a year to meet and mate. Large-eyed and playful, it is pale to dark brown but appears black when wet. Eared seals spend a great deal of time on land, breeding and sunning on the shores. Sea lions congregate in gregarious groups called herds or rafts that can reach upwards of 1,500 individuals. This is a vitally important time in the life of a mature male sea lion, and he actually may not eat for the entire length of the mating season - up to 30 days- while he struggles to maintain control of his territory and the females who have chosen to reside there. Males with prime, beach-front properties attract the most mates. The word pinniped means "flipper feet" or "feather feet" and includes three types of semi-aquatic marine mammals. There is a large difference in size between males and females. Once an area is established, the male will patrol his patch of beach and also a few yards of ocean in front of it, barking nearly constantly as he goes. Sea lions live in very large social groups called colonies that may come together to sunbathe in masses of hundreds, and take to the beach to mate and raise young in tightly packed gatherings of thousands. the most well-known of the sea lion species, and is the most likely to appear performing in circuses and water parks. On the other hand, walrus does not have external ears. 84 115 4. Anyone who has observed large groups of sea lions sunning themselves on beaches or piers, knows that not only is there a continual racket while the animals move about to find good resting spots, but even while they are apparently fast asleep. The male reaches a maximum length of about 2.5 metres (8 feet) and a weight of 400 kg (880 pounds), and the female grows to about 1.8 metres and 90 kg. Physiology dictates thermoregulation, osmoregulation, reproduction, metabolic rate, and many other aspects on sea lion ecology including but not limited to their ability to dive to great depths. Seal Sea Lion Robbe. All sea lion species are carnivores with large canine teeth, or "fangs", and a muzzle full of stiff whiskers, and may also make loud roaring noises which are all lionesque features, but the most shockingly lion-like species is the incredible South American sea lion. 64 44 17. These differences in skeletal structure allow the sea lion and fur seal to not only sit in a semi-upright position, (that classic pose) but also to walk and even run on all-fours. the South American sea lion also has ruff of long hair that makes everything very clear. Females are much smaller, but still weigh more than a car at 2,000 lbs. Brown pups are born after a gestation period of 12 months. What's the Difference Between a Wild Animal and Domestic Animal? This ability finds sea lions and fur seals commonly referred to as the "walking seals", while their external ears are why they are also referred to as the "eared seals.". Identification. True seals also swim differently from eared seals, getting most of their propulsion from their fused, tail-like rear flippers and undulating motions similar to a dolphin to propel themselves, while the eared seals use their strong front flippers as big, highly effective oars, appearing to fly through the water like birds. New Zealand Sea Lion – also known as the Hooker’s Sea Lion, the New Zealand Sea Lion is one of the largest animals found in New Zealand. The New Zealand, or Hooker’s, sea lion (Phocarctos hookeri) inhabits only New Zealand. But with the help of nostrils that seal up automatically when they dive, a sea lion typically remain submerged for 10 to 20 minutes at a time. Technically, seals and sea lions are in the same taxonomical suborder of pinnipeds. even while they are apparently fast asleep. They move across land by stretching their upper bodies out and arching their backs to pull themselves forward. South American sea lions eat mostly fish, squid, and crustaceans but occasionally kill and eat other seals. Among pinnipeds, it is inferior in size only to the walrus and the two species of elephant seals. Sea lions are usually 2 –3 metreslong and have their bodyweights ranging from 200 to1000 kilograms. Australian Sea Lion – Males are dark brown with a light yellow mane around their heads. 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