Other common names pineapple guava . In the case of both of these guava pest problems, guava pest control involves wrapping the developing fruit with a paper bag when it is immature. Young guava are attacked by a number of pests including aphids, guava white fly, mealy bugs, moth, scale and thrips. A severe black scale (Saissetia oleae) infestation affects the productivity and vigor of guava trees. Feijoas are said to be free from fungal problems and soil-borne diseases. Sonoma County Master Gardeners include pineapple guava in the Top Plants for Sonoma County. Nondiscrimination Statement, Accessibility Is pineapple guava feijoa sellowiana or acca sellowiana? Synonyms Feijoa sellowiana. A native of Brazil, it can also be found in Paraguay, Colombia, Argentina and Uruguay. Y ou can spray insecticidal soap mixed in water to kill these soft-bodied enemies. Some the scooped out fruit and empty shells. Despite getting full sun, the west end of the Sonoma Valley is affected by the coastal weather pattern and the guava appreciates some of this cool weather. Links will be auto-linked. The larvae of the guava moth will tunnel into the fruit, making it inedible, and feed on the foliage of the plant as well. The adult females lay eggs in small unripe fruits. Orange, rust-colored, dense, silky tufts on both upper and lower surfaces of leaves which turn reddish-purple in color as they mature; if tufts are scraped away, a thin gray-white or dark-colored necrotic spot remains on the leaf; bark on twigs and branches may be cracked; young stems and fruit may also be attacked. Plant Height (Inches): 60 to 72 Plant Spread (Inches): 72 to 96 Time of Bloom: Spring … The fruit should be allowed to ripen on the plant and drop to the ground when fully ripe. The first thing you’ll want to consider is variety selection. Guava fruit flies are widespread in Southern Asia while Caribbean fruit flies are damaging pests in Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico and Florida. Larva excrement deposited inside fruit causes fermentation. It requires cool temperatures in the 20's to 50's for successful flowering. Very few pests bother pineapple guava. It can be invaded by aphids, mealybug, and scales. Pineapple guava that is grown from cuttings, graftings and air layering will grow faster than guava grown from seeds. Description The plant is a bushy shrub 3 to 20 ft (0.9-6 m) or more in height with pale gray bark; the spreading branches swollen at the nodes and white-hairy when young. Most improved varieties are self-fertile but not all are. The property owner identified it as pineapple guava (Feijoa sellowiana, AKA Acca sellowiana; not a true guava). Family Myrtaceae . Ask the nursery about the variety characteristics if you plan to plant just one guava. It is even deer-resistant! And when the pineapple guava plant becomes so established and grown on the ground, 3 to 4 timely fertilizer application is required. Pests and Diseases. You can use Bacillus thuringiensis Bt), which can be purchased at any garden center. The pineapple guava tree is just like any other guava plant, which can be grown at any time of the year. Pineapple guava will grow in full sun to part shade and in a variety of soil types, though it prefers a slightly acidic soil. For optimum growth, rich fertile soil that’s also well-draining will give feijoa the best start and continued healthy growth. Growing best in temperate to sub-tropical regions with cool mild wi… Pineapple guava is an evergreen shrub native to subtropical, higher elevation, regions of South America, but is well-adapted to our Central Texas climate. You might think of guavas as one type of fruit, but there are actually three distinct species of fruit that are often referred to as guavas: This drought tolerant plant is an evergreen shrub with leathery green leaves and silvery undersides. I have never experienced rodents, racoons, or opossums going after the fallen fruit. Treat early. Susceptible to Root Rot. While the pineapple guava is drought tolerant, I give it regular water (20 minutes, three times a week during the summer months) so that I can optimize fruiting. In any event, you may wish to plant two if you desire a bountiful crop. You can obtain more information from the California Rare Fruit Growers Association. Insects can produce several overlapping generations per year. The plant may develop light yellow leaves and sag noticeably, prematurely shed fruits or defoliate entirely. green shield scale (Pulvinaria psidii) adult. But the cocoon of the guava fruit moth is brownish, beige so I am not sure what insect you have on your shrub. If growing the plant for fruit, the Sunset Western Garden Book recommends ‘Apollo,’ ‘Collidge,’ ‘Mammoth,’ ‘Nazemetz,’ and ‘Trask.’. The recommended dosage of fertilizer for young pineapple guava trees during the first year is half-pound (8oz). It has no major pest or disease problems. ə /, /-ˈ h oʊ. This is one unfussy plant. 100: The feijoa, or pineapple guava (Feijoa sellowiana) which thrives best in areas too cool for the common guava, is not fully ripe until it falls to the ground. Galls on roots which can be up to 3.3 cm (1 in) in diameter but are usually smaller; reduction in plant vigor; yellowing plants which wilt in hot weather. Guava (Psidium guajava): Fruit fly injury Pineapple guava grows up to a height of 3-15 meters to form a dense and rounded bush. This species is relatively drought tolerant, but not salt tolerant and does poorly near the immediate coast. A hori-hori knife makes quick work of the light suckering. Pineapple guava does well in … Also read: Growing Guava in Pots You may use , Click here to go to the topics page to know more about the crop. Feijoa sellowiana is a species of flowering plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae.It is native to the highlands of southern Brazil, eastern Paraguay, Uruguay, northern Argentina, and Colombia. An added bonus is that the small black-tailed deer who visit my garden ignore the guava. Following a move from the the Mid-Atlantic to Sonoma Valley, I attended the local May lavender festival. Green scales (Coccus viridis) feeding on stalk attached to fruits of guava ( Psidium guajava). Pineapple guava are remarkably disease and pest-resistant, with little-to-no known issues. Few pests and diseases affect mostly a young plant. Disease emergence favored by warm temperatures and high humidity. Galls can appear as quickly as a month prior to planting; nematodes prefer sandy soils and damage in areas of field or garden with this type of soil is most likely. Common names include feijoa (/ f eɪ ˈ ʒ oʊ. Introduction. I am expecting next year’s fruit production to be plentiful enough to make a batch of guava jelly…and maybe guava ice cream. Ants. Additional positives: pineapple guava tolerates cold weather to 10-15 degrees and is virtually pest-free. Pineapple, Ananas comosus, is an herbaceous biennial or perennial plant in the family Bromeliaceae grown for its edible fruit.The pineapple plant has a short stout stem and a rosette of sword-shaped leaves with needle-like tips. | sbnum=7450 | pagenum=43943, (If clicking this link doesn't work, type the email address in your email program), UC Master Gardener Program of Sonoma County, © 2021 Regents of the University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. ... Pests and Diseases – The main insect pests that may affect feijoas are scale insects, caterpillars, bronze beetle, mites, mealy bug, thrip and the feijoa bud mite and Guava moth. Site them where excessive water from rain will drain relatively quickly. Wilt. It is widely cultivated as an ornamental tree and for its fruit. I cover the fruits with a paper bag to prevent fruit fly. If population is high leaves may be distorted; leaves are covered in coarse stippling and may appear silvery; leaves speckled with black feces; insect is small (1.5 mm) and slender and best viewed using a hand lens; adult are dark brown to black in color and female has red pigmentation on abdominal segments. Planti Site Information Pineapple … ... Pests & Disease Information. Ants not only protect scale insects... Whiteflies. ə /), pineapple guava and guavasteen, although it is not a true guava. Despite dealing with our fair share of powdery mildew, aphids, cabbage worms, and other pesky critters in our garden, the feijoa goes unscathed. Pineapple Guava is hardy to 5 degrees F or below (USDA Zone 7) and grows to 8-12 ft. in height at maturity. Mature larvae abandon the ripe fruits and pupate underground. Origins:The Feijoa shrub is native to southern Brazil, northern Argentina, western Paraguay and Uruguay where it is common in the cool subtropical mountains below 3000’. The plant was introduced to Europe, New Zealand and the US around the early 1900s. The Pineapple Guava makes an interesting edible hedge plant for North and Central Florida. The pineapple guava is a slow-growing evergreen shrub that can grow 4 metres high and wide. The leaves are waxy, have upturned spines on the margins and may be soild green or striped with red, white or cream. This provides support in the occasional strong winds and guides me as I lightly prune the guava to keep its espaliered shape. Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources Guava fruit flies are widespread in Southern Asia while Caribbean fruit flies are damaging pests in Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico and Florida. Each flower gives the promise of a late fall/early winter fruit. Insect is tropical to subtropical insect; lifecycle is approximately 3 weeks allowing for several generations per year. The pineapple guava produces flowers with an unusual feature. The fruit of the pineapple guava, called feijoas, is tasty, as well. Feijoa sellowiana , or Pineapple Guava, is a gray-green evergreen shrub or tree (depending on pruning) which produces small, tasty fruit in late summer and early fall.The plants can be pruned to form a hedge or a small tree and will withstand several degrees below freezing. It does well with minimal pruning and care and typically won't require much irrigation beyond normal rainfall. The pineapple guava is almost pest-free and requires no insect control. Wet, humid conditions promote spread of the disease; zoospores can be spread by splashing water. How Tall Does Pineapple Guava Grow? Get PDF Reader The lavender farm’s landscape included large, attractive bluish-green shrubs covered with eye-catching inch-wide white flowers with large red stamens. I’ve cut the guava in half, ready to scoop out the fleshy interior with a teaspoon. Once it reaches the desired height and width, heavier pruning in early spring will keep the guava in proportion to the scale of my yard. Guava weevil (Conotrachelus psidii) larva, Guava weevil (Conotrachelus psidii) adult, Guava weevil (Conotrachelus psidii) adults on guava fruit, Guava weevil (Conotrachelus psidii) damage. Pineapple guava can be pruned into a small tree or left to naturally form a large shrub good for screening and hedges. It may struggle a bit in the extreme heat of a full-on Texas summer, so plan to water it regularly during the hottest months of the year. Ideal soil pH is 5.5-7 and you can use a soil pH monitor to test the soil. Pineapple guava is a plant you can grow as a privacy screen or grow into a tree. It … Adding to its merits, the species is not plagued by any serious pests or diseases and is also drought-tolerant, needing no … Infection of leaves occurs during wet conditions when temperatures are between 13 and 25°C (55-77°F); disease can be spread by splashing water. Be careful where you apply it as it kills both moth and butterfly larvae and … root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne enterolobbii) damaged guava root, root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne enterolobbii) damage. The species name honors Friedrich Sellow, a German who collected its first sample. The flies lay their eggs underneath the skin of the fruit, and the … Blooms in April & May. The pineapple guava in this recipe are from our shrubs, ready to be rinsed, cut in half and scooped out. Only the new fawns take a taste and, then, ignore it. After hatching, the larva enters the fruit. Pest Issues . Black scale secretions, known as honeydew, attract ants (family Formicidae). Once inside, the larva feeds on pulp and seeds, causing petrification and premature maturity of fruit. Sunken, dark colored lesions on mature fruit which may become covered in pink spores; lesions coalesce to form large necrotic patches on surface of fruit, Disease emergence favors warm, wet weather; spread easily during wet weather by water splash. Fall is an ideal month to plant woody shrubs and trees. Health, Safety & … Part of family Myrtaceae, it’s called guavasteen, feijoa, and fig guava. Fertilize young pineapple guava plants once a month. After the first growing season, I removed the nursery trellis and placed tree stakes about six feet apart on either side of the shrub and lashed two bamboo poles to the stakes that loosely lace through the guava’s branches. Perhaps the only insects attracted to the plant besides bees are fruit flies, which tend to congregate around ripe and overripe fruit with a pungent odor. The the pineapple guava plant is ordinarily free of diseases. The insect can cause up to 70 to 100 % yield loss. Guava wilt is a dramatic and devastating disease of plants that usually becomes noticeable with the onset of the rainy season. Scientific Name: Acca sellowiana Common Name: Pineapple guava Growing Zone: USA: 8 to 11 Life Cycle / Plant Type: Shrub Plant Details. Depressions in fruit with dark colored puncture wounds; soft, mushy areas on fruit caused by larvae feedign on fruit; development of secondary rots often cause fruit to drop from tree; insects are small flies - the guava fruit fly is approximately 5 mm in length and is black and yellow in color; the Caribbean fruit fly may reach 12-14 mm in length and is yellow-brown with long patterned wings. The guava tree is attacked by a number of diseases like anthrcnose, red alga, and leaf spots. More than a dozen cultivars of feijoa are available commercially, giving a broad range of fruit types and plant growth characteristics. Getting ready to cook for 30-40 minutes until soft. Pineapple Guava, like many of us, is not a fan of wet feet! Information Desk: Santa Rosa (707) 565-2608 email: mgsonoma@ucdavis.edu(If clicking this link doesn't work, type the email address in your email program)How to get help with plant problems, Click here to request a speaker for your organization, Click here to learn more about a free Garden Sense consultation, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California, © 2021 Regents of the University of California Green scales (Coccus viridis) in various states of life in guava fruit (Psidium guajava). Adaptive Climate:Feijoa can grow anywhere the temperatures do not fall below 15 degrees Fahrenheit. 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