Christians associate Bethlehem with the Nativity because: 1. [15] Alexander was raised in the manner of noble Macedonian youths, learning to read, play the lyre, ride, fight, and hunt. By contrast, the Persian infantry was stationed behind its cavalry. [258] The Corinthian order is also heavily represented in the art of Gandhara, especially through Indo-Corinthian capitals. Sejong was designated as Crown Prince after his older brother Prince Yangnyeong was stripped of his title. The Dwarfs ruled in their great halls of stone below ground and wrestled the fruits of the rock free with their day-long toil, while the manlings reaped the fields of swaying corn that surrounded the city with a patchwork blanket of gold. [45][46][47], Alexander began his reign by eliminating potential rivals to the throne. She went on to study counseling and earn her Master of Education from the University of Maryland. In the aftermath of Massaga and Ora, numerous Assakenians fled to the fortress of Aornos. [106][238] However, a century or so after Alexander's death, many of the Alexandrias were thriving, with elaborate public buildings and substantial populations that included both Greek and local peoples. [278] His defeat of Darius was depicted as Egypt's salvation, "proving" Egypt was still ruled by an Egyptian. [186], At Issus in 333 BC, his first confrontation with Darius, he used the same deployment, and again the central phalanx pushed through. [184] Alexander also recognized the potential for disunity among his diverse army, which employed various languages and weapons. [192] Lysippos had often used the contrapposto sculptural scheme to portray Alexander and other characters such as Apoxyomenos, Hermes and Eros. Alexander immediately headed south. [12] According to the ancient Greek biographer Plutarch, on the eve of the consummation of her marriage to Philip, Olympias dreamed that her womb was struck by a thunderbolt that caused a flame to spread "far and wide" before dying away. Olympias had Cleopatra Eurydice and Europa, her daughter by Philip, burned alive. Alexander not only returned Ambhi his title and the gifts but he also presented him with a wardrobe of "Persian robes, gold and silver ornaments, 30 horses and 1,000 talents in gold". Taking advantage of this power vacuum, Chandragupta Maurya (referred to in Greek sources as "Sandrokottos"), of relatively humble origin, took control of the Punjab, and with that power base proceeded to conquer the Nanda Empire. Ptolemy IX Lathyros, one of Ptolemy's final successors, replaced Alexander's sarcophagus with a glass one so he could convert the original to coinage. Many of these students would become his friends and future generals, and are often known as the 'Companions'. Along the way his army conquered the Malhi (in modern-day Multan) and other Indian tribes and Alexander sustained an injury during the siege. [59] While the other cities again hesitated, Thebes decided to fight. city-born synonyms, city-born pronunciation, city-born translation, English dictionary definition of city-born. 3 synonyms for city-born: citified, city-bred, cityfied. His campaigns greatly increased contacts and trade between East and West, and vast areas to the east were significantly exposed to Greek civilization and influence. She went on to call Beale "a self-described misogynist, racist, anti-Semite, and a few other flavors of asshole"[17] and noted that silence about these issues was the same as enabling them. [274] In Egypt, Alexander was portrayed as the son of Nectanebo II, the last pharaoh before the Persian conquest. [239][240][241][242], Libanius wrote that Alexander founded the temple of Zeus Bottiaios (Ancient Greek: Βοττιαίου Δῖός), in the place where later the city of Antioch was built. This ensured that Alexander would not be outflanked, while his phalanx, armed with long pikes, had a considerable advantage over the Persians' scimitars and javelins. [249] Koine spread throughout the Hellenistic world, becoming the lingua franca of Hellenistic lands and eventually the ancestor of modern Greek. According to Curtius, "Not only did Alexander slaughter the entire population of Massaga, but also did he reduce its buildings to rubble. Alexander's settlement of Greek colonists and the resulting spread of Greek culture in the east resulted in a new Hellenistic civilization, aspects of which were still evident in the traditions of the Byzantine Empire in the mid-15th century AD and the presence of Greek speakers in central and far eastern Anatolia until the Greek genocide and the population exchange in the 1920s. He spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through western Asia and northeast Africa, and by the age of thirty, he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from Greece to northwestern India. Jemisin attended Tulane University from 1990 to 1994, where she received a B.S. City Girls' first studio album, Girl Code, followed in November and entered the Billboard 200 at number 63. Alexander proceeded to take possession of Syria, and most of the coast of the Levant. The Great Gatsby is a 1925 novel by American writer F. Scott Fitzgerald.Set in the Jazz Age on Long Island, the novel depicts narrator Nick Carraway's interactions with mysterious millionaire Jay Gatsby and Gatsby's obsession to reunite with his former lover, Daisy Buchanan. Glenn Cunningham (born 1943), first African-American mayor of Jersey City (B) Edward M. Daly (born 1965), four-star general in the United States Army who serves as the 20th commanding general of the U.S. Army Materiel Command. Jemisin", "Women and writers of color win big at Hugo Awards and the Puppies are even sadder", "Announcing the 2018 Locus Awards Winners", "American Library Association announces 2019 youth media award winners", "2020 Hugo, Lodestar, and Astounding Awards Winners", "William L. Crawford – IAFA Fantasy Award 2011", "SFWA Announces 2016 Nebula, Norton, and Bradbury Award Nominees! The Theban resistance was ineffective, and Alexander razed the city and divided its territory between the other Boeotian cities. [55] The Macedonians marched into the country of the Triballi, and defeated their army near the Lyginus river[56] (a tributary of the Danube). He was born into a Roman Italo-Hispanic family that settled in Spain from the Italian city of Atri in Picenum.His father was of senatorial rank and was a first cousin of Emperor Trajan. [211] However, Alexander also was a pragmatic ruler who understood the difficulties of ruling culturally disparate peoples, many of whom lived in kingdoms where the king was divine. [210] He began to identify himself as the son of Zeus-Ammon. He was the second son of Antipater the Idumaean, a high-ranking official under ethnarch Hyrcanus II, and Cypros, a Nabatean Arab. For those peculiarities which many of his successors and friends afterwards tried to imitate, namely, the poise of the neck, which was bent slightly to the left, and the melting glance of his eyes, this artist has accurately observed. [85] Darius fled over the mountains to Ecbatana (modern Hamadan) while Alexander captured Babylon. [236] That this export took place is undoubted, and can be seen in the great Hellenistic cities of, for instance, Alexandria, Antioch[245] and Seleucia (south of modern Baghdad). He subsequently overthrew Persian King Darius III and conquered the Achaemenid Empire in its entirety. Now it’s New York’s time to be born, but the city itself is too weakened by a gruesome attack to complete the process. [106] Following Alexander's death, many Greeks who had settled there tried to return to Greece. Alexander responded quickly, driving them from their territory. It included: Alexander earned the epithet "the Great" due to his unparalleled success as a military commander. Jews also honor this city because King David was born here. He ascended to the throne in 1418. [225] This episode is also told by Plutarch, probably based on the same source. in psychology. Alexander, however, detecting the horse's fear of its own shadow, asked to tame the horse, which he eventually managed. The horse refused to be mounted, and Philip ordered it away. [261], Emperor Julian in his satire called "The Caesars", describes a contest between the previous Roman emperors, with Alexander the Great called in as an extra contestant, in the presence of the assembled gods.[262]. [251] The process of Hellenization also spurred trade between the east and west. [181] Craterus started to carry out Alexander's commands, but the successors chose not to further implement them, on the grounds they were impractical and extravagant. [114] Ambhi hastened to relieve Alexander of his apprehension and met him with valuable presents, placing himself and all his forces at his disposal. [164], While Alexander's funeral cortege was on its way to Macedon, Ptolemy seized it and took it temporarily to Memphis. 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