Cognitive trust in the team leader and cognitive trust among team members significantly mediated the transformational leadership−collective efficacy relationship (Hypotheses 4 and 5). Based on the arguments and evidences above, this study therefore proposes that team cognitive trust mediates the transformational leadership-collective efficacy relationship (cf., Figure 1). Five items were measured on a 5-point Likert-type scale (from 1 = strongly disagree to 5 = strongly agree). Finally, the study incorporated the model of collective efficacy from social cognitive theory into the framework of trust in leadership theory. Some limitations remain, and future implications are described as follows. Google Scholar | Crossref | ISI (, Gully, S. M., Beaubien, J. M., Incalcaterra, K. A., Joshi, A. The research questions to be addressed in this study include the following: (a) how do transformational leadership and team cognitive trust influence collective efficacy, which in turn affects team performance; and (b) is team performance affected by a series of mediating processes? If a team builds stronger cognitive trust among team members, members of the team are willing to put more efforts to work together and become more confident in the group’s ability to successfully complete a task. Jung and Avolio (2000) confirmed that trust in the team leader helps to explain the impact of transformational leadership on performance. Journal of Educational Administration, 40(4), 368–389. Transformational leadership style is widely studied leadership style in relation to employees’ well-being. In keeping with our hypotheses, the results extend the available literature, unearthing the m… Hsiu-Hua Chang completed her PhD at the Department of Information Management, National Central University, Taiwan. Dvir, Eden, Avolio, and Shamir (2002) showed that transformational leadership is highly effective in terms of subordinates’ development and performance. Medical trainees at all levels and their supervisors should be trained in the principles and application of transformational leadership. Collective efficacy is team members’ shared belief regarding the team’s ability to accomplish a given task, which may result from the building of cognitive trust within a team. The social contract of leadership is viewed as a myth that functions to reinforce ... ( google.com) 2.3 Democratic Style of Leadership The transformational leadership style helps relieve nurses’ burnout symptoms. When individuals hold strong collective efficacy, they are likely to devote more effort to achieving goals (Bandura, 1986). The generalizability to different contexts, such as an educational context or a sporting context, should be assumed with caution in future research. Transformational leadership and job behaviors: The mediating role of core job characteristics. The transformational leadership model has been studied and applied to organizations such as schools, the military, hospitals, and banks. Bass and Avolio, 1993. Link , Google Scholar Therefore, this study proposes the following hypothesis to investigate whether a transformational leadership style’s impact on cognitive trust in the team leader is different from its impact on cognitive trust among team members. Accordingly, team cognitive trust is likely to be related to a team’s collective efficacy in the transformational leadership process. In addition, the finding of the study described a sample from project teams. The path coefficient of transformational leadership style to cognitive trust in the team leader was positively significant (β = 0.758, p < .01) and the magnitude is larger than the path coefficient of transformational leadership to cognitive trust among team members (β = 0.507, p < .01). It is important to know the relationship between transformational leadership … Manuscript content on this site is licensed under Creative Commons Licenses. Kanawattanachai and Yoo (2007) indicated that cognitive trust grounded in the beliefs regarding others’ ability and reliability to accomplish a task (Kanawattanachai & Yoo, 2007). Four items measuring each type of trust were used using a 5-point Likert-type scale (from 1 = strongly disagree to 5 = strongly agree). In attempting to understand the roles of cognitive trust and collective efficacy in the transformational leadership−team performance relationship, this study proposed five hypotheses with aims to examine how transformational leadership and cognitive trust affect collective efficacy, which therefore influences team performance. Therefore, cognitive trust among team members is also a necessary element of team trust in exploring the formation of collective efficacy. Walumbwa et al. Model 1 included two paths from transformational leadership (the independent variable) to cognitive trust in the team leader and cognitive trust among team members (two mediators). The mediating role of trust in the team leader on the relationship between transformational leadership and performance was also confirmed in Hoyt and Blascovich’s (2003) study of virtual and physical working environments. Has a positive impact on team performance is by way of team trust. 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